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October Garden Guide from Native Edge

October: the full garden list

Plant: ornamental & wildlife

  • Perennials, shrubs, ornamental (clumping) grasses
  • Cover crops for dormant vegetable beds
    • Annual Rye
    • Austrian Winter Peas
    • Clover
    • Elon (Cereal) Rye
    • Hairy Vetch
  • Late: Holloyhocks
  • Larkspurs
  • Native Wildflower Seeds
    • Bluebonnets
    • Indian Blanket (Gaillardia)
    • Indian Paintbrush
    • Mexican Hat
    • Phlox
  • Non-Native Poppies

Plant: herbs

  • Borage
  • Chervil
  • Cilantro, seeds or transplants
  • Dill
  • Fennel
  • Lavender
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Perennials thyme
  • Summer savory

Plant: food crops

  • Artichoke (transplants)
  • Arugula, late month
  • Beets
  • Bok Choy
  • Brussel Sprouts (transplants)
  • Cabbage (transplants)
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower (transplants)
  • Chard, Swiss (seeds or transplants)
  • Collards (seeds or transplants)
  • Fava Beans
  • Garlic Softneck varieties of garlic do the best in our region
  • Greens, cool season
  • Kale (seeds or transplants)
  • Kohlrabi (seeds or transplants)
  • Leeks (seeds)
  • Lettuce (seeds or transplants)
  • Mustard (seeds or transplants)
  • Radish
  • Shallots
  • Spinach (seeds or transplants)
  • Turnip


  • Oak trees safe to prune


  • Daylily
  • Fern
  • Iris
  • Liriope
  • Spring-Blooming Perennials
  • Violets


  • Add compost to vegetable gardens along with organic fertilizer if not already done
  • Plan wildflower seeds and bulbs to plant in November
  • Mulch tropical and semi-cold-hardy plants like gingers, Esperanza, Pride of Barbados, Firecracker fern, and bananas
  • Take cuttings of tender annuals to propagate in warmth to renew your garden next spring
  • If temps dip, cut basil and preserve in oil in the freezer
  • Collect seeds of annuals to dry and store inside until next Spring


  • Fertilize with an organic slow release formula like 8-2-4 or similar ratio. Avoid products with too much nitrogen. This is the best time of year to fertilize.
  • Brown patch: Apply a quarter inch of compost. Apply corn meal. Find out what’s causing the problem like low drainage spots or compacted areas.
  • Mow high to fend off weed seeds that are germinating. Taller grass shades them out.


  • Caterpillars become active again. Monitor plants for holes and droppings. Control by picking them off or spraying with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)

Other tasks

  • Late month: get row cover or plan other protection in case of early frost in November
  • Cut basil to freeze in oil in ice cube trays to use this winter in soups and stews
  • Collect seeds from summer annuals to dry and store indoors until next spring
  • Get houseplants ready to move inside. Investigate for any “buddies” that could be coming indoors with them.
  • Dig and store Caladium bulbs when foliage dies.

Contact us today and have your yard ready for Spring!

Let Native Edge help you carve out your perfect garden space.

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